. Zoology for high schools and colleges. Zoology. CETACEANS. 591 The largest bats are the fruit bats or flying foxes {Ptero- pus) of the Bast Indies ; one species of which expands one and a half metres (nearly five feet) from tip to tip of the wings. Our commonest species is the little brown bat, Vespertilio miulatus of Say; nearly as com- mon is the red bat, Atalapha no- veboracensis Coues. Order 5. Cete {C'etacea).—We now come to the EducaMlia, in which the brain is more highly de- veloped, and begin with two very aberrant orders, the whales and Sirenians, in which the body is fish-like, tho

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. Zoology for high schools and colleges. Zoology. CETACEANS. 591 The largest bats are the fruit bats or flying foxes {Ptero- pus) of the Bast Indies ; one species of which expands one and a half metres (nearly five feet) from tip to tip of the wings. Our commonest species is the little brown bat, Vespertilio miulatus of Say; nearly as com- mon is the red bat, Atalapha no- veboracensis Coues. Order 5. Cete {C'etacea).—We now come to the EducaMlia, in which the brain is more highly de- veloped, and begin with two very aberrant orders, the whales and Sirenians, in which the body is fish-like, tho
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Image ID: RE095H
. Zoology for high schools and colleges. Zoology. CETACEANS. 591 The largest bats are the fruit bats or flying foxes {Ptero- pus) of the Bast Indies ; one species of which expands one and a half metres (nearly five feet) from tip to tip of the wings. Our commonest species is the little brown bat, Vespertilio miulatus of Say; nearly as com- mon is the red bat, Atalapha no- veboracensis Coues. Order 5. Cete {C'etacea).—We now come to the EducaMlia, in which the brain is more highly de- veloped, and begin with two very aberrant orders, the whales and Sirenians, in which the body is fish-like, though the tail is hori- zontal ; the pelvis and hind limbs arfe wanting, either wholly, or mi- nute rudiments may be present; and they are aquatic, occasionally leaping out of the water, but usu- ally only showing the dorsal fin or nose when at the surface to breathe. The whales and porpoises have a large, broad brain, with numer- ous and complicated deep convolu- tions. In the skull (Figs. 513, 513) the aperture for the spinal cord {fora- men magnum) is entirely posterior in situation and directed some- what upward. The lower jaw is straight, with no ascending ramus, the narrow condyles being situated at the end of the jaw, at the point indicated by the angle of the ramus in other mammals. The teeth are conical, with a single root, but are sometimes wanting. There is no neck; the cervical verte- brae are sometimes confluent, forming a single mass. The. Fig. 513.—Skull of the sperm whale, longitudinal section show- ing the relative size and form of the cranial cavity, m, maxilla; pm^ premaxilla.—After Flower.. Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability - coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.. Packard, A. S. (Alpheus Spring), 1839-1905. New York, H. Holt and Company

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