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www.flickr.com/photos/internetarchivebookimages/tags/book... . te Antinous, on the E. bank of the Nile, upon the site of the ancientBesa, in Middle Egypt (Heptanomis). It wasthe capital of the Nomos Antinoites, and hadan oracle of the goddess Besa. (Ptol. iv. 5, 61;Paus. viii. 9 ; Dio Cass. lix. 11.) Antinous (Avtlvoos). 1. Son of Eupithes ofIthaca, and one of the suitors of Penelope, wasslain by Ulysses.—2. A youth of extraordinarybeauty, born at Claudiopolis in Bithynia, wasthe favourite of the emperor Hadrian, and hiscompanion in his journeys. He was drownedin the Nile, a.d. 122. This, as seems probable,was an act of suicide from melancholy; thoughsome regarded it as caused by a superstitionthat the sacrifice of his life would avert evilfrom the emperor. The grief of the emperorknew no bounds. He enrolled Antinous amongstthe gods, caused a temple to be erected to himat Mantinea. and founded the city of Antinoo-polis in honour of him. Festivals in his honourwere celebrated in Bithynia and at Athens,Argos, and Mantinea. A large number of works. Antinous. (From a bas-relief in Villa Aibanl.) of art of all kinds were executed in his honour,and many of them are still extant. (Dio Cass,lix. 11 ;_Spartian. Radr. 14; Paus. viii. 9. 4.) Antlochia and -ea (AvTi6x*ia.: Avrioxevsand -dx^os, fern. Actions and -<$xi<r<ra, Antio-chenus), the name of several cities of Asia, 16 ofwhich are said to have been built by Seleucus I.Nicator, and named in honour of his father An-tiochus. 1. A. Epidaphnes, or ad Daphnem,or ad Orontem (A. iirl Aa<pvri: so called from aneighbouring grove: A. M Opdvi-ri: Antakia,Ru.), the capital of the Greek kingdom of Syria,and long the chief city of Asia and perhaps ofthe world, stood on the left bank of the Orontes,about 20 miles (geog.) from the sea, iu a beau-tiful valley, about 10 miles long and 5 or Cbroad, enclosed by the ranges of Amanus on theNW. and Casius on the SE. It was built bysi- Nicator, about B.C. 300, and peopledchiefly fr