. Trees and shrubs : an abridgment of the Arboretum et fruticetum britannicum : containing the hardy trees and schrubs of Britain, native and foreign, scientifically and popularly described : with their propagation, culture and uses and engravings of nearly all the species. Trees; Shrubs; Forests and forestry. 720 ARBORETUM ET FRUTICETUM BRITANNICUM.. 1397. IT. Gff'tisa. with that of U. montana major depicted at the same season. In spring and summer, it is equally marked by the long drooping pe- duncles of its flowers, and its hairy samaras. Its leaves are large, and of a beautiful light shining green tinged with red, and with red veins. The buds are long, sharply pointed, and greenish ; while in the U. campestris they are short, obtuse, and covered with greyish hairs. As a tree of ornament, it is well worth cultivating for the beauty of its leaves, for the distinct character of its spray in winter, and, indeed, for its general appearance at all sea- sons. Propagated by grafting on U. montana. The largest tree of this species in England is at White Knights, in front of the mansion. ¥ 5. U. MONTA^NA Bauh. The Mountain, Scotch, or Wj/ch, Elm. Identification. Bauh. Pin., 427.; Sm. Engl. Bot., t. 1827. Synanymes. U. glibra Huds. ed. 1. 96. ; U. effisa Sibth. 87.; U. scSbra Mill. Diet.' No 2., V. nilda Ehrh.; 17. campdstre Willd. Sp. PI. p. 1324.; V. campestris latif61ia Hort. Par.; Wj-cli Hazel of old authors. Engravings. EngL Bot., 1.1887.; Fl. Dan., t. 632.; the plates of some of the varieties in Arb. Brit., 1st edit., vol. vii. ; and our Jig. 1399. Spec. Char., ^c. Leaves pointed, rough, broad, and doubly serrated. Flowers on longish peduncles loosely tufted, 5—6-cleft. Samara somewhat orbi- cular, slightly cloven, naked. Branches drooping at their extremities; their bark smooth and even. (Smith.) A spreading deciduous tree, with smooth bark. Britain, and various parts of Europe. Height 50 ft. to 60 ft. Flowers reddish ; April and May. Samara brown ; ripe in June.