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Travels in Palestine, through the countries of Bashan and Cilead, east of the River Jordan; including a visit to the cities of Geraza and Gamala, in the Decapolis . , in the extent actually occupied.The dwellings of this last, however, are crowdedtogether around the sides of a hill, while thoseof Ramlah are scattered widely over the face ofthe level plain on which it stands. The style of building here, is that of highsquare houses with flattened domes coveringthem ; and some of the terraced roofs are fencedaround with raised walls, in which are seen pyra-mids of hollow earthenware pipes, as if to giveair and light without destroying th^ strength ofthe wall itself. On the large mosque we noticed a squaretower with pointed arched windows, like manyof our country-church steeples in England, dif-fering only from these in being surmounted byan open gallery, and a flat-domed summit. Theselast, it could be plainly seen, were subsequentadditions, and did not harmonize with the toweritself, which was purely Gothic, and, no doubt,a Christian work at the period of the crusades.We saw also in other parts of the town, vestiges KNQUJRJKS INJO ITS HISTOIIV. Q6S. S 1 264 VISIT TO RAMLuAH, AND of Gothic edifices, of a character decidedly dif-ferent from Saracen architecture, though bothof them have the pointed arch in common j butall these were greatly ruined. The convent of the Latins is large and com-modious, though not equal to that of Nazareth.It has a good church, an open court, with a finespreading orange-tree, and several wells of ex-cellent water in it for their gardens. The inhabitants are estimated at little morethan five thousand persons, of whom about one-third are Christians of the Greek and Catholiccommunion, and the remaining two-thirds Mo-hammedans, chiefly Arabs; the men of powerand the military only being Turks, and no Jewsresiding there. The principal occupation of the people is hus-bandry, for which the surrounding country ishighly favourable; and the staple comm