. The Victoria history of the county of Surrey. Natural history. DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE The brick chimneys are an interesting feature of Surrey architecture: although there are none of the more ornate with moulded shafts left, yet the chimneys at Abbot's Hospital at Guildford are as fine and digni- fied as anything can be. The variety and skilful proportions and. Fig. 3. Leapale House, Guildford. arrangements of many of the cottage chimneys in the county are not to be surpassed. This arises no doubt from the fact that these cottages were not purely agricultural but were the homes of flourishing

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. The Victoria history of the county of Surrey. Natural history. DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE The brick chimneys are an interesting feature of Surrey architecture: although there are none of the more ornate with moulded shafts left, yet the chimneys at Abbot's Hospital at Guildford are as fine and digni- fied as anything can be. The variety and skilful proportions and. Fig. 3. Leapale House, Guildford. arrangements of many of the cottage chimneys in the county are not to be surpassed. This arises no doubt from the fact that these cottages were not purely agricultural but were the homes of flourishing weavers and mechanics. Something must perhaps be allowed for native taste, since neither in brick nor in timber work do we anywhere find those extravagances that so often have to be condoned for their antiquarian interest. A particularly graceful chimney is that at Abbot's and elsewhere in which the octagon shaft gradually changes in the head to the star shape. The star shaft and head is a frequent form and other features are the use of the projecting bricks called crow rests and of crow steps to the set-offs (Fig. 4). These are constantly found, although the tops have commonly been knocked off and only the stumps remain. A chimney at Shere is dated 1620, and there is reason to think this is about the date of those with ornamental heads. Fig. 4. Crow Rests and Crow Steps. 1 The subject has been treated with some fulness elsewhere; see Surr. Arch. Coll. iv. 253, and Old Cottage, etc., Architecture, West Surrey. II 465 59. Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability - coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.. Malden, Henry Elliot, ed. Westminster [A. Constable]

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