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. The new eclectic history of the United States . for the best interests of the col-ony. The settlers were so scattered that it is said, no mancould see his neighbor without a telescope, or be heard by himwithout firing a gun. 72. Governor Berkeley.—The joy at the restoration of KingCharles II. was soon changed to grief. The right to vote wastaken from the mass of freemen; taxes were laid upon themwithout their consent; and even the settlers of distant and VIRGINIA. 49 lonely places were not permitted to meet in arms against thesavages, who were murdering their wives and children. Gov-ernor Berkeley,2 a grasp-ing and selfish man, wassupposed to be selling pow-der and shot to the Indi-ans, against the law. Beingsent to England to pleadthe cause of the colony,Berkeley only enrichedhimself by robbing it of aportion of its lands, whichthe king was led to giveto a company to which hebelonged. In 1673 tnesame king gave the rightto govern all the landand water called Virginiato lords Culpepper andArlington for a period of thirty-one years. An Indian Warrior. 73. Bacons Kebellion.—The people might have borne all this,but when the governor refused to send troops against a largeforce of Indians who were coming down the James, they tookup arms and chose for their leader Nathaniel Bacon, a gentle-man of fortune and influence, who had lately arrived in Vir-ginia. Bacons little army routed the savages, while thegovernor was calling him a rebel and traitor, and raising a troopto fight him. An insurrection in Jamestown compelled Berke-ley, however, to disband his army, dissolve his council, and calla more popular assembly, of which Bacon was a member. 74. The governor, weak and violent by turns, broke all hispromises. Civil war followed, in which Jamestown was burnt,and only a ruined church-tower remains to mark its site. Bacondied suddenly of disease, and his party, for want of a leader, 5o HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES.