The making of the American nation; a history for elementary schools . Charles II ascended the ^ Cavalier. throne, Berkeley was again appointed royal governor. Almostimmediately there began a series of troubles which in the courseof a hundred years was to change A^irginia from a most loyalcolony to one that was decidedly rebellious. During the early years of the colony few restrictions wereplaced upon the trade of the Virginians, but beginning with thetime of Cromwell enactments known as the navigation laws weremade. These laws, made in the interests of London merchants,forbade the colonists se

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The making of the American nation; a history for elementary schools . Charles II ascended the ^ Cavalier. throne, Berkeley was again appointed royal governor. Almostimmediately there began a series of troubles which in the courseof a hundred years was to change A^irginia from a most loyalcolony to one that was decidedly rebellious. During the early years of the colony few restrictions wereplaced upon the trade of the Virginians, but beginning with thetime of Cromwell enactments known as the navigation laws weremade. These laws, made in the interests of London merchants,forbade the colonists se Stock Photo
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The making of the American nation; a history for elementary schools . Charles II ascended the ^ Cavalier. throne, Berkeley was again appointed royal governor. Almostimmediately there began a series of troubles which in the courseof a hundred years was to change A^irginia from a most loyalcolony to one that was decidedly rebellious. During the early years of the colony few restrictions wereplaced upon the trade of the Virginians, but beginning with thetime of Cromwell enactments known as the navigation laws weremade. These laws, made in the interests of London merchants,forbade the colonists se
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The making of the American nation; a history for elementary schools . Charles II ascended the ^ Cavalier. throne, Berkeley was again appointed royal governor. Almostimmediately there began a series of troubles which in the courseof a hundred years was to change A^irginia from a most loyalcolony to one that was decidedly rebellious. During the early years of the colony few restrictions wereplaced upon the trade of the Virginians, but beginning with thetime of Cromwell enactments known as the navigation laws weremade. These laws, made in the interests of London merchants,forbade the colonists selling their tobacco anywhere except inEngland, or shipping their goods in any but English vessels.^The object of the laws was to prevent the competition of theDutch, who were then becoming very active in the tobacco trade.The navigation laws did not prevent the competition of the Dutch,but the enforcement of them hurt the colonists most seriously.The planters were compelled to sell their tobacco at whatever price1 These navigation laws applied to all the colonies.. 34 THE MAKING OF THE AMERICAN NATION the English merchants might choose to fix, and the tobacco-growing industry well-nigh failed. Financially the Virginianswere almost ruined. Bacons Rebellion. 1676. — An Indian outbreak and massacrebrought to a crisis the troubles in Virginia. Governor Berkeleypromised to protect the settlers, but he failed to keep his word.In the meantime, the massacres at outlying settlements continued. A man with the quality ofleadership was needed, and hecame to the front. The manwas Nathaniel Bacon. Baconasked for an officers commis-sion empowering him to raisetroops with which to fight theIndians, but Governor Berke-ley refused to give it. Dur-ing the quarrel over thismatter, in which both mendid various things which werenot strictly lawful, Baconmanaged to have himself elect-ed to the House of Burgesses.For a time the quarrel waspatched up, and Berkeley gaveBacon a commission as com-mander

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