. The earth and its inhabitants ... Geography. 246 AMAZONIA AND LA PLATA. "Norte" and " Sul" being misnomers for "East" and "West." Eio Grande, former capital of the province named from it, occupies the extremity of a narrow isthmus between two lagoons, and would present a pleasant aspect but for the unsightly military structures, dead walls, and forts by which it is disfigured. The lacustrine channel flows at some distance from the peninsula, close to the side occupied by S. José do Norte, where all the shipping engaged in trade has its moorings. A more

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. The earth and its inhabitants ... Geography. 246 AMAZONIA AND LA PLATA. "Norte" and " Sul" being misnomers for "East" and "West." Eio Grande, former capital of the province named from it, occupies the extremity of a narrow isthmus between two lagoons, and would present a pleasant aspect but for the unsightly military structures, dead walls, and forts by which it is disfigured. The lacustrine channel flows at some distance from the peninsula, close to the side occupied by S. José do Norte, where all the shipping engaged in trade has its moorings. A more serious inconvenience is the bar of shifting sands, which it has hitherto been found impossible to fix or permanently remove. On the sill the depth varies with the tides and storms from about 8 to nearly 14 feet. It Fig. 108.—Pelotas. Scale 1 : 375,000.. Depths. Saudbank. Oto 16 Feet. 16 Feet and upwards. 6 Miles. stood at 11 feet in 1885, when a new channel was opened farther south averaging 15 feet, but rising with the north-east and falling with the south-east wind. The works which have been projected to improve the approaches to Rio Grande comprise two parallel piers carried out to depths of 18 or 20 feet, and the construc- tion or dredging of a channel between these piers 1,'iOO feet wide and 26 or 27 feet deep. But pending the execution of these harbour works, the export trade of Rio Grande, consisting almost exclusively of provisions, is declining. Commerce naturally seeks other outlets, which have at least the advantage of avoiding the dangerous approaches to Rio Grande. The opposite town of S. José is entirely. Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability - coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.. Reclus, Elisée, 1830-1905; Ravenstein, Ernest George, 1834-1913; Keane, A. H. (Augustus Henry), 1833-1912. New York, D. Appleton and comp