. The American natural history; a foundation of useful knowledge of the higher animals of North America. Natural history. THE WHITE-TAILED DEER 139 coloration" amongst animals. Indeed, so very flag-like is this oreatm-e's waving tail that in the West many hunters call it the Flag-Tailed Deer. There are two points in which this deer differs from all others, and by which it can easily be recognized. 1. Its antlers rise a short distance from the forehead, then suddenly drop forward, witli the beam almost horizontal, and from the beam three long, sharp tines rise perpendicularly. The ant- ler

- Image ID: PG1N8B
. The American natural history; a foundation of useful knowledge of the higher animals of North America. Natural history. THE WHITE-TAILED DEER 139 coloration" amongst animals. Indeed, so very flag-like is this oreatm-e's waving tail that in the West many hunters call it the Flag-Tailed Deer. There are two points in which this deer differs from all others, and by which it can easily be recognized. 1. Its antlers rise a short distance from the forehead, then suddenly drop forward, witli the beam almost horizontal, and from the beam three long, sharp tines rise perpendicularly. The ant- ler
Central Historic Books / Alamy Stock Photo
Image ID: PG1N8B
. The American natural history; a foundation of useful knowledge of the higher animals of North America. Natural history. THE WHITE-TAILED DEER 139 coloration" amongst animals. Indeed, so very flag-like is this oreatm-e's waving tail that in the West many hunters call it the Flag-Tailed Deer. There are two points in which this deer differs from all others, and by which it can easily be recognized. 1. Its antlers rise a short distance from the forehead, then suddenly drop forward, witli the beam almost horizontal, and from the beam three long, sharp tines rise perpendicularly. The ant- lers of nearly all other deer point backward as they rise. 2. The tail is very long, pointed at the end, bushy near the body, and white underneath, as described above. The White-Tailed Deer is the best known of all our hoofed animals except the buffalo, be- cause it is the one most widely distributed, and has been longest known. Generally speaking, it is a United States species, for it inhabits at least a portion of every state and territory sa^'e Delaware, Oregon, Nevada, California and Ari- zona. To-day it is most abundant in the Adiron- dacks, Maine, Vermont, northern Minnesota and Michigan. Closely related forms of White-Tailed Deer are fairly abundant in Florida, on the Lower Rio Grande, and in northeastern Wasliington. As might naturally be expected, this wide dis- tribution, throughout such a diversity of country and variety of available food, has produced such variations in size that several subspecies have been described. Of the latter, the most impor- tant is the dwarf Arizona Wliite-Tailed Deer, extending from southern Arizona southeastward into Mexico to Latitude 25^. This animal, like the Florida White-Tailed Deer, seems to be nothing more than a diminutive race of the more robust northern type, with very small antlers, and the short, scanty pelage which is necessary to the comfort of deer iti the tropics. In such forests as those which cover the Adi- rondack Mountain

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