Texas Army National Guard Spc. Amanda Patton, assigned to the Medical Readiness Clinic Detachment, performs a mock drive-through COVID-19 screening with Major General Tracy R. Norris, the Adjutant General of Texas on March 18, 2020. Drive-through COVID-19 screening centers allow the public to receive COVID-19 tests while limiting physical contact to better protect healthcare workers and others waiting to be tested. (U.S. Army National Guard Photo by Andrew Ryan Smith/Released)
Contributor:American Photo Archive / Alamy Stock Photo
File size:46.2 MB (733.9 KB Compressed download)
Releases:Model - no | Property - noDo I need a release?
Dimensions:4928 x 3280 px | 41.7 x 27.8 cm | 16.4 x 10.9 inches | 300dpi
Date taken:18 March 2020
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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).The disease was first identified in 2019 in Wuhan, the capital of China's Hubei province, and has since spread globally, resulting in the ongoing 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic. Common symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Other symptoms may include muscle pain, sputum production, diarrhea, sore throat, loss of smell, and abdominal pain. While the majority of cases result in mild symptoms, some progress to pneumonia and multi-organ failure.As of 28 March 2020, the overall rate of deaths per number of diagnosed cases is 4.6 percent; ranging from 0.2 percent to 15 percent according to age group and other health problems.In comparison, the overall mortality rate of the 1918 Spanish Flu were approximately 3% to 5%. The virus is spread mainly through close contact and via respiratory droplets produced when people cough or sneeze. Respiratory droplets may be produced during breathing but the virus is not generally airborne. People may also contract COVID-19 by touching a contaminated surface and then their face. It is most contagious when people are symptomatic, although spread may be possible before symptoms appear. The virus can survive on surfaces up to 72 hours. Time from exposure to onset of symptoms is generally between two and fourteen days, with an average of five days. The standard method of diagnosis is by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) from a nasopharyngeal swab.The infection can also be diagnosed from a combination of symptoms, risk factors and a chest CT scan showing features of pneumonia. Recommended measures to prevent infection include frequent hand washing, social distancing (maintaining physical distance from others, especially from those with symptoms) .