Villa Adriana. Tivoli. Italy. View of the columns in the great central exedra of the Piazza d'Oro or Golden Square, so named bec

- Image ID: D70865
Villa Adriana. Tivoli. Italy. View of the columns in the great central exedra of the Piazza d'Oro or Golden Square, so named bec
Sklifas Steven / Alamy Stock Photo
Image ID: D70865
Villa Adriana. Tivoli. Italy. View of the columns in the great central exedra of the Piazza d'Oro or Golden Square, so named because the excavations here yielded rich finds. The complex is a vast rectangular area, consisting of a peristyle that is an uncovered rectangular colonnaded court with a long basin in its centre flanked by two hedges. There were a series of rooms, courts, exedra and nymphaea and a Triclinium on its sides. It has been believed to been used for banquets and important gatherings, however recent thoughts interpret it as having been a stoa with libraries similar to the Stoa built in Athens by Hadrian in the same period. Hadrian’s villa, built by the emperor (117-138 AD) as summer imperial retreat, is a vast open air museum of some the finest architecture of the Roman world and the Roman Empires largest and richest villa ever built. It is a UNSECO World Heritage Site.