This medieval illustration shows the Roman god Saturn in the traditional guise of an old man. The Zodiacal signs under his influence, Aquarius and Capricorn, are depicted on his left and right, respectively. He holds the sickle with which his Greek counte

- Image ID: G15H1H
This medieval illustration shows the Roman god Saturn in the traditional guise of an old man. The Zodiacal signs under his influence, Aquarius and Capricorn, are depicted on his left and right, respectively. He holds the sickle with which his Greek counte
Science History Images / Alamy Stock Photo
Image ID: G15H1H
This medieval illustration shows the Roman god Saturn in the traditional guise of an old man. The Zodiacal signs under his influence, Aquarius and Capricorn, are depicted on his left and right, respectively. He holds the sickle with which his Greek counterpart, Cronus, castrated his father.Saturn was a god in ancient Roman religion and a character in myth. He was the first god of the Capitol, known since the most ancient times as Saturnius Mons, and was seen as a god of generation, dissolution, plenty, wealth, agriculture, periodical renewal and liberation. In later developments he came to be also a god of time. His reign was depicted as a Golden Age of plenty and peace. The Temple of Saturn in the Roman Forum housed the state treasury. In December, he was celebrated at what is perhaps the most famous of the Roman festivals, the Saturnalia, a time of feasting, role reversals, free speech, gift-giving and revelry. Saturn the planet and Saturday are both named after the god. Saturn was the god of agriculture, justice and strength.