The Taifas kingdoms in Spain 1065 AD. a taifa was an independent Muslim-ruled principality; usually an emirate formed in Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) after the final collapse of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in 1031.

- Image ID: G1CTR6
The Taifas kingdoms in Spain 1065 AD. a taifa was an independent Muslim-ruled principality; usually an emirate formed in Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) after the final collapse of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in 1031.
World History Archive / Alamy Stock Photo
Image ID: G1CTR6