The rising sun The national flag of Japan is flag with a large red disc representing the rising sun in the center

- Image ID: ATN33P
The rising sun The national flag of Japan is flag with a large red disc representing the rising sun in the center
Japan Art Collection (JAC) / Alamy Stock Photo
Image ID: ATN33P
Japanese Ukiyo e print The rising sun The national flag of Japan is flag with a large red disc representing the rising sun in the center Its official name in Japanese is Nisshoki sun flag or Hinomaru sun disc Spring Season nature scene The sun disc or rising sun of Japan is as symbolic as religious and was widely used on military banners in the Sengoku Warring States period of the 15th and 16th centuries During the Meiji Restoration it was officially adopted for use as the civil ensign by Proclamation However it was not formally adopted as the national flag until August 13 1999 by Law Concerning the National Flag and Anthem The Hinomaru or sun disc are considered controversial symbols of the militaristic past of the country Use of the Hinomaru was also severely restricted during the early years of the American occupation of the country after World War II though restrictions were later relaxed Japanese law did not designate any particular flag as the national flag from 1885 until 1999 although the Hinomaru was legally the national flag for the brief period from 1870 until 1885 Despite this several military banners of Japan are based on the design of the Hinomaru including the sun rayed Naval Ensign The design of the Hinomaru was used to design other Japanese flags for public or private use