The Águas Livres Aqueduct, "Aqueduct of the Free Waters" is a historic aqueduct in the city of Lisbon, Portugal.

- Image ID: J77XTA
The Águas Livres Aqueduct, "Aqueduct of the Free Waters" is a historic aqueduct in the city of Lisbon, Portugal. Stock Photo
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The Águas Livres Aqueduct, "Aqueduct of the Free Waters" is a historic aqueduct in the city of Lisbon, Portugal.
Rik Hamilton / Alamy Stock Photo
Image ID: J77XTA
The Águas Livres Aqueduct, "Aqueduct of the Free Waters" is a historic aqueduct in the city of Lisbon, Portugal. It is one of the most remarkable examples of 18th-century Portuguese engineering. The main course of the aqueduct covers 18 km, but the whole network of canals extends through nearly 58 km. The city of Lisbon has always suffered from the lack of drinking water, and King John V decided to build an aqueduct to bring water from sources in the parish of Caneças, in the modern municipality of Odivelas. A special sales tax on beef, olive oil, wine, and other products paid for the project. Construction started in 1731 under the direction of Italian architect Antonio Canevari, replaced in 1732 by a group of Portuguese architects and engineers, including Manuel da Maia, Azevedo Fortes and José da Silva Pais. Between 1733 and 1736, Manuel da Maia, who in turn was replaced by Custódio Vieira, who would remain at the head of the project until around 1747, directed the project. Custódio Vieira conceived the centerpiece of the aqueduct, the arches over the Alcantara valley, completed in 1744. A total of 35 arches cross the valley, covering 941 m. The tallest arches reach a height of 65 m, and many are pointed, reminiscent of arches in Gothic style. It is considered a masterpiece of engineering in the Baroque period. In 1748, although the project was still unfinished, the aqueduct finally started to bring water to the city of Lisbon, a fact celebrated in a commemorative arch built in the Amoreiras neighbourhood. From this period on, other architects, including Carlos Mardel of Hungary and others, oversaw construction. During the reigns of José I and Maria I, the network of canals and fountains was greatly enlarged. On November 1st, 1755, the 1755 Lisbon earthquake hit the city, but the brand new aqueduct managed to remain intact. It is possible to visit and cross, through Museu da água (water museum)
Location: "Aqueduct of the Free Waters" is a historic aqueduct in the city of Lisbon, Portugal.

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