The Common carp or European carp (Cyprinus carpio), 19th century illustration by Paul Flanderky (1872-1937)

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The Common carp or European carp (Cyprinus carpio), 19th century illustration by Paul Flanderky (1872-1937) Stock Photo
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The Common carp or European carp (Cyprinus carpio), 19th century illustration by Paul Flanderky (1872-1937)
markku murto/art / Alamy Stock Photo
Image ID: B91KJM
The Common carp or European carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a widespread freshwater fish most closely related to the common goldfish (Carassius auratus), with which it is capable of interbreeding. It gives its name to the carp family Cyprinidae. Common carp are native to Asia and Eastern Europe.It has been introduced into environments worldwide, and is often considered an invasive species. Koi (錦鯉 (nishikigoi) in Japanese, 鯉魚 (pinyin: lĭ yú) in Chinese) is a domesticated ornamental variety that originated in China but became known to the Western world through Japan. Variants include the mirror carp, with large mirror like scales (linear mirror - scaleless except for a row of large scales that run along the lateral line; originating in Germany), the leather carp (virtually unscaled except near dorsal fin), and the fully scaled carp. Cyprinus carpio is the number one fish of aquaculture. The annual tonnage of common carp, not to mention the other cyprinids, produced in China alone exceeds the weight of all other fish, such as trout and salmon, produced by aquaculture world wide. Common carp are extremely popular with anglers in many parts of Europe, and their popularity as quarry is slowly increasing among anglers in the United States (though destroyed as pests in many areas).Carp are also popular with spear and bow fisherman. Carp is also eaten in many parts of the world both when caught from the wild and raised in aquaculture. In Germany, Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Croatia and Poland, carp is a traditional part of a Christmas Eve dinner. Carp are mixed with other common fish to make gefilte fish, popular in Jewish cuisine. The Romans farmed carp and this pond culture continued through the monasteries of Europe and to this day. In China and soon after in Japan carp farming took place as early as the Yayoi Period (ca. 300 B.C - 300 A.D.)