Meknes (Meknes ancient texts in Portuguese, Arabic: مكناس; transl.: Maknâs, in Moroccan Arabic: M'knâs; Mknas or Ameknas) is a city in north-central Morocco, capital of the homonymous province, which is part of the region Meknès-Tafilalet. In 2004 it had 469,169 inhabitants and was estimated that in 2012 had 616,110 inhabitants.
It is one of the largest cities in the country and one of the most important historically, one of the so-called "imperial cities" along with Fez, Marrakech and Rabat, for being the capital during the reign of prominent Alawite Sultan Moulay Ismail, between 1672 and 1727 . The old town of Meknes is classified as World Heritage by UNESCO since 1996.
Situated in the fertile plain of Saïs where Fez is also located north of the Middle Atlas, 150 km west of Rabat and 60 km east of Fez, in its industrial production dominate the processing of fruit and vegetables, the development of oil palm, [clarification needed] metal foundries, distilleries, cement production and handicrafts, particularly rugs and wool. The main agricultural products are cereals and fruits.
The city is surrounded by a ring of triple wall that houses the Sultan's palace and a citadel Almohad. To the north are the Roman ruins of Volubilis and the holy city of Moulay Idriss, founded in 788.
In February 2010, the fall of a minaret of a mosque in the center of Meknes due to heavy rains caused 41 deaths. (Wikipedia)