Johann Strauss II (October 25, 1825 – June 3, 1899; German: Johann Baptist Strauß; also known as Johann Baptist Strauss, Johann Strauss, Jr., or Johann Strauss the Younger) was an Austrian composer of light music, particularly dance music and operettas. He composed over 500 waltzes, polkas, quadrilles, and other types of dance music, as well as several operettas and a ballet. In his lifetime, he was known as "The Waltz King", and was largely responsible for the popularity of the waltz in Vienna during the 19th century. The gilded bronze statue of Johann Strauß II, is one of the best known monuments in Vienna. It was unveiled to the public on 26 June 1921 and is framed by a marble relief; it was made by Edmund Hellmer. The gilding was removed in 1935 and laid on again only in 1991.