Pueblan God of Water in the National Anthropology Museum Chapultepec Mexico City

- Image ID: AM067R
Peter Horree / Alamy Stock Photo
Image ID: AM067R
Tlaloc was, in Aztec belief, the god of rain and fertility. He was greatly feared among the Aztecs, who drowned children to appease him. They believed that Tlaloc was responsible for both floods and droughts, and that he had been created by the other gods. He is commonly depicted as a goggle-eyed blue being with fangs. Human sacrifices were often made in his honor, usually children. Before the victims were sacrificed, their tears were collected in a ceremonial bowl, to serve as an offering. Tlaloc was first married to Xochiquetzal, a goddess of flowers, but then Tezcatlipoca kidnapped her. He later married the goddess Chalchiuhtlicue, "She of the Jade Skirt". In Aztec mythic cosmography, Tlaloc ruled the fourth layer of the 'Upper World", or heavens, which is called Tlalocan ("place of Tlaloc") in several Aztec codices, such as the Vaticanus A and Florentine codices. Described as a place of unending Springtime and a paradise of green plants, Tlalocan was the destination in the afterlife for those who died violently from phenomena associated with water, such as by lightning, drowning and water-borne diseases (Miller and Taube, 1993). With Chalchiuhtlicue, he was the father of Tecciztecatl. He had an older sister named Huixtocihuatl. He ruled over the third of the five worlds in Aztec belief. The National Museum of Anthropology and History Museo Nacional de Antropología Historia is located within Chapultepec Park in Mexico City, Mexico. It contains significant anthropological finds from the nation of Mexico such as the Aztec Calendar Stone and the 16th-century Aztec statue of Xochipilli. Mexico Latin Central America mexican hispanic spanish pacific travel ocean tourism latin latino the museum has a number of significant exhibits, such as the Aztec calendar stone, giant stone Olmec heads from the jungles of Tabasco and Veracruz, treasures recovered from the sacred Maya cenote at Chichen Itza, a replica of the sarcophagal lid from Pacal's tomb at Palenque