proboscidea elephas indicus indian elephant Elephantidae African Bush Forest Asian

- Image ID: BACC39
proboscidea elephas indicus indian elephant Elephantidae African Bush Forest Asian
19th era 2 / Alamy Stock Photo
Image ID: BACC39
Proboscidea is an order containing only one family of living animals, Elephantidae, the elephants, with three living species (African Bush Elephant, African Forest Elephant, and Asian Elephant). During the period of the last ice age there were more, now extinct species, including the genus of elephants Mammuthus (mammoths) and the elephant-like species the mastodons. Further back in time, in the late Tertiary, there were many more different types, including the "shovel tuskers" like Platybelodon and Amebelodon. The earliest known proboscidean is Phosphatherium dating from paleocene deposits of Morocco. From the Eocene, several very primitive proboscideans are known, including the African Numidotherium, Barytherium, Moeritherium and the Anthracobunidae from the Indian subcontinent.