Philip of Valois, Philip VI of France, assumed the disguised of a seller of fish to enter the French camp during the Hundred Years' War, a series of conflicts fought between 1337 and 1453. The battle was between the House of Valois (French) and the House of Plantagenet (English). The House of Valois won said they had the right to rule France, and the Plantagenets laid claim to the thrones of England and France. Philip was king of France from 1328 to 1350. The illustration dates to 1916.