The first building to be located at Linlithgow Palace was a tower house built by Edward I of England in 1302. Successive Scottish kings added to this royal residence until it burnt down in 1424 along with the rest of the town of Linlithgow. In 1425 James I began the reconstruction of the residence and this was continued by Stuart Kings in the 15th and 16th centuries. It was abandoned as a royal residence after the Union of the Crowns in 1603 when the court of James VI transferred to London. Bonnie Prince Charlie stayed there briefly in 1745 before the troops of the Duke of Cumberland burnt it to a ruin. It is the birthplace of Mary Queen of Scots in 1542 and her father James V of Scotland in 1512. The property is now managed by Historic Scotland.
Location: Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland, UK
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