Camber Sands is the beach at the village of Camber (near Rye), East Sussex, England. It is the only sand dune system in East Sussex and is east of the estuary of the River Rother at Rye Bay stretching as one expanse beyond the Kent border.
A large section of the western end of the dunes lie within the Camber Sands and Rye Saltings Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), while the rest is designated a Site of Nature Conservation Importance. The dunes are accreting (gradually getting bigger). The dunes are managed to prevent problems with wind-blown sand.
Dune systems are formed by a complex interaction between geology, tide, sun, wind and vegetation.
Sand, produced by the grinding action of the waves or from material brought down by river systems, is deposited along the coast. When the tide goes out (almost 1km at Camber) the sand is dried by the sun and wind, and blown inland by the prevailing south-westerly wind. This process is called saltation.
When the sand meets an obstruction, eg vegetation and the wind speed drops, the sand is deposited and forms dunes.
The dunes can be divided into three distinct zones:
embryonic fore dunes
unstable yellow dunes running parallel with the coast
stable grey dunes located on the golf course towards the western end of the system.
Camber is an accreting dune system, which means the dunes are gradually getting bigger. 7,500 cubic metres of sand are deposited here every year.
Camber is part of the Dungeness cuspate foreland, a triangular mass of shingle formed after the last ice age. The dunes have formed within the last 350 years and are now restricted by urban development.
The dune system is wedge-shaped, 1km wide in the West tapering to 10 metres wide in the East, after a distance of 3km.
The vegetation is mainly Marram Grass (Ammophila arenaria)
Camber is a village and civil parish in the English county of East Sussex, three miles (4.8 km) south-east of Rye.