The Appleby Horse Fair is a horse fair which is held annually at Appleby-in-Westmorland, Cumbria (until 1974 and historically Westmorland) in England. It is held every year in early June and has taken place since the reign of James II, who granted a Royal charter in 1685 allowing a horse fair "near to the River Eden". Since then, around 69 thousand English and Welsh Gypsies, Scottish Gypsy/Travellers and Irish Travellers have converged each year to buy and sell horses, meet with friends and relations, and celebrate their similar lifestyles. Another thirty thousand people visit the fair during the week. The fair is one of the oldest horse fairs in Britain. The fair is held outside the town on what was formerly called Gallows Hill (named after the public hangings that were carried out there), which is now known as Fair Hill. The fair customarily starts on the first Thursday after the first Tuesday in June and ends on the following Wednesday. Besides the horses, there are also fortune tellers, palm readers and horse-related merchandise.