entry of Eleanor of Aquitaine, Henry II of England, into winchester Aliénor d’Aquitaine, Éléonore de Guyenne 1122 – 1 April 12

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entry of Eleanor of Aquitaine, Henry II of England, into winchester Aliénor d’Aquitaine, Éléonore de Guyenne 1122 – 1 April 12
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Image ID: BT656X
entry of Eleanor of Aquitaine, Henry II of England, into winchester Aliénor d’Aquitaine, Éléonore de Guyenne 1122 – 1 April 1204 wealthiest most powerful women Western Europe High Middle Ages. Duchess queen consort France 1137–1152 England 1154–1189 patroness Wace, Benoît de Sainte-MoreChrétien de Troyes. suo jure Duchess of Aquitaine Countess of Poitiers Louis VII, King Louis VI of France. As Queen of the Franks, she participated in the unsuccessful Second Crusade. Soon after the Crusade was over, Louis VII and Eleanor agreed to dissolve their marriage, because of Eleanor's own desire for divorce and also because the only children they had were two daughters – Marie and Alix. The royal marriage was annulled on 11 March 1152, on the grounds of consanguinity within the fourth degree. Their daughters were declared legitimate and custody of them awarded to Louis, while Eleanor's lands were restored to her. As soon as she arrived in Poitiers, Eleanor became engaged to the twelve years younger Henry II, Duke of the Normans, her cousin within the third degree. On 18 May 1152, eight weeks after the annulment of her first marriage, Eleanor married the Duke of the Normans. On 25 October 1154 her husband ascended the throne of the Kingdom of England, making Eleanor Queen of the English. Over the next thirteen years, she bore Henry eight children: five sons, three of whom would become king, and three daughters. However, Henry and Eleanor eventually became estranged. She was imprisoned between 1173 and 1189 for supporting her son Henry's revolt against her husband, King Henry II. Eleanor was widowed on 6 July 1189. Her husband was succeeded by their son, Richard the Lionheart, who immediately moved to release his mother. Now queen mother, Eleanor acted as a regent for her son while he went off on the Third Crusade. Eleanor survived her son Richard and lived well into the reign of her youngest son King John. By the time of her death she had outlived all of her children except