- Image ID: B40D6W
Paolo Patrizi / Alamy Stock Photo
Image ID: B40D6W
Japan engages in disaster preparedness drills Disaster reduction Measures in Japan Japan is located in the typhoon belt and is also on the Pacific Rim earthquake and volcano belt This belt extends along the edge of the Pacific Plate and is an area of consistently high seismic and volcanic activity Because of this Japan is subject to many natural disasters each year including earthquakes typhoons torrential rains heavy snowfall debris flow land slides and volcanic eruptions The number of those dead or missing from natural disasters in Japan had been in decline since around 1960 but in the 1990 s the country has been struck by frequent large and devastating disasters including several large typhoons torrential rains the eruption of Mt Unzendake 1991 44 people dead or missing the Hokkaido Nansei Oki Earthquake and subsequent tsunami 1993 230 people dead or missing the Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake 1995 6 433 people dead or missing Several years during the decade have recorded more than JYE Japanese yen 1 trillion in damage to facilities and structures from natural disasters The Tokyo Metropolitan Civil Protection Plan was established for the rapid and precise implementation of measures to protect the civil population against armed attacks by overseas forces and major terrorist acts Depending on the scale and structure of the attack some hypotheses regarding armed attacks and major terrorist threats have been created Types of Emergency Armed attack Landing of invading forces Guerrilla or special forces attack Ballistic missile attack Air strike Major terrorist attack Emergency response Attack on facilities where hazardous substances are present including gas storage facilities Attack on facility where large crowds are present including train stations trains and theaters Attack using substances designed to cause mass death and injury including anthrax and sarin Attack using transport means including suicide