(dpa files) - Herbert Kappler, the former head of the German security police in Rome, arrives for his trial in Rome, Italy, 3 May 1948. He was sentenced on 20 July 1948 to lifetime imprisonment for ordering the killing of Italian hostages after an attack by partisans on a German police column in Rome in 1944. As an act of revenge Hitler had ordered the killing of 50 Italians for ev

- Image ID: D3FYWP
(dpa files) - Herbert Kappler, the former head of the German security police in Rome, arrives for his trial in Rome, Italy, 3 May 1948. He was sentenced on 20 July 1948 to lifetime imprisonment for ordering the killing of Italian hostages after an attack by partisans on a German police column in Rome in 1944. As an act of revenge Hitler had ordered the killing of 50 Italians for ev
dpa picture alliance / Alamy Stock Photo
Image ID: D3FYWP
(dpa files) - Herbert Kappler, the former head of the German security police in Rome, arrives for his trial in Rome, Italy, 3 May 1948. He was sentenced on 20 July 1948 to lifetime imprisonment for ordering the killing of Italian hostages after an attack by partisans on a German police column in Rome in 1944. As an act of revenge Hitler had ordered the killing of 50 Italians for every German killed in the attack. In the end 335 hostages were shot in the Adreatine Caves outside of Rome and the entrance to the cave was blown up afterwards. Kappler helped organize the rescue of Mussolini by the SS and later deported about ten thousand Jews from Rome to concentration camps starting in 1943. After the war, he was sentenced to life in prison, but escaped in 1977. He was born in 1907 and died a year after his escape in 1978 in his home in Germany.