Habitat damp conifer woods, often in moss. Season autumn. Rare. Deadly poisonous. Found In Europe. Some mycologist separate C. speciosissimus from C. rubellus. In 1979 three people camping in the north of Scotland included specimens of C. speciosissimus in a dish in mistake for the edible Chanterelle. Nearly two weeks later they were admitted to hospital with severe renal failure caused by the orellanin complex of toxins present in C. speciosissimus. As is common in cases of orellanin poisoning, one of the three recovered while the others suffered irreparable damage to their kidneys and had to be kept on dialysis treatment until suitable kidney donors could be found. In the last few years C. speciosissimus has been responsible for many deaths in Central Europe. In September 2008 Nicholas Evans, the author of best-selling book The Horse Whisperer, his wife, her brother Alastair Gordon-Cumming, and his wife, Louisa, were taken to hospital after eating the toxic mushrooms.