Cappadocia. Turkey. View along the Rose valley pathway with dovecotes hollowed into the volcanic rock tuff in the background. The Dovecotes are for pigeons and their excrement is used as fertilizer by the local farmers. Situated between Goreme and Cavusin villages, the hike through the beautiful Rose valley is relativity easy for most and provides close up vistas of fairy-chimneys, dovecotes, and caves tunnels and river beds. The extraordinary spectacular rock formations and eroded volcanic rock tuff landscape of Cappadocia was formed millions of years ago, the collective work of lava spluttering volcanoes eroded over time by wind and water. The region is famous for its basalt capped fairy chimneys, natural rock formations in various shapes, some which have been excavated and converted into dwellings.