A Pro-Life movement anti-abortion sign in Nova Scotia saying The Baby's Choice - Life
Contributor:gary corbett / Alamy Stock Photo
File size:51.2 MB (2.6 MB Compressed download)
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Dimensions:5184 x 3455 px | 43.9 x 29.3 cm | 17.3 x 11.5 inches | 300dpi
Date taken:12 June 2012
Opposition to legalization of abortion is centered around the pro-life movement (also known as anti-abortion movement), a social and political movement opposing elective abortion on moral grounds and usually supporting its legal prohibition or restriction. Advocates generally maintain that the human fetus (and in most cases the human embryo) is a person and therefore has a right to life. The modern pro-life movement began as a countermovement in response to the decriminalization and legalization of elective abortion in various countries. In the U.S. it grew following the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, which struck down most state laws restricting abortion. In the United States this movement is frequently, but not exclusively, allied with the Republican Party, and seeks to restrict abortion with legislation such as the Human Life Amendment. The "pro-life" concept also refers to opposing positions on the issue of euthanasia and embryonic stem-cell research. On the other side of the abortion debate is the abortion rights movement. Subscribing to different moral grounds than the pro-life movement, pro-choicers hold the view that a woman should have the right to terminate her pregnancy.