4th September 2005 A flooded wadi, a river in the desert, between Kutum and El Fasher in northern Darfur, Sudan. It is the wet season in Darfur and rivers in the desert can appear moments after a thunderstorm.
Darfur had been at war since February 2003 when the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) rebel groups began fighting the government of Sudan, which they accused of oppressing Darfur's non-Arab population. The government responded to attacks by carrying out a campaign of ethnic cleansing against Darfur's non-Arabs. This resulted in the deaths of hundreds of thousands of civilians and the indictment of Sudan's president Omar al-Bashir for genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Court.