Monte Testaccio with Santo Stefano Rotondo and Pyramid of Cestius labelled. Engraving from third edition of "Mundus subterraneus, in Xll libros digestus" by Athanasius Kircher (1602–1680) published in Amsterdam by Joannem Janssonium a Waesberge & Filios, 1678.
Kircher's scientific textbook discussing alchemy, geology, the origins of volcanoes, lakes, rivers, caves, gravity, the sun, the moon, tides, fossils, giants and more. Kircher saw first hand the eruptions of Aetna and Stromboli on Sicily and climbed into Vesuvius whilst researching for this book.
Credit: Private Collection/AF Fotografie