Reconstruction in Georgia, economic, social, political, 1865-1872 . urke. 1675 847 2 3 8 83 80 245 99 4*7 i 35 39 100 10 n — Columbia. 388 617 — 7 4 26 53 158 76 !153 208 228 35 25 12 - Harris ... ... 683 960 10 18 10 22 80 211 M4 324 360 370 62, 151 » — Houston 487 782 1 — 5 — 33 49 83 201 229 345 96 74 40 *3 Meriwether. 685 909 6 6 55 68 3J7 1 163 270 37o 255 163 6 1 15 — Monroe . ... 66a 800 X 1 * 22 - 230 105 274 380 266 94 7 *7 — Washington ... 697 1652 16 1 19 14 81 886 IS* 464 358 276 52 9 20 2 Wilkes 393 513 I 1 5 x9 30 113 57 149 202 •»*** 69 16 0 3 -*- Jv The explanation of the proce

Reconstruction in Georgia, economic, social, political, 1865-1872 . urke. 1675 847 2 3 8 83 80 245 99 4*7 i 35 39 100 10 n — Columbia. 388 617 — 7 4 26 53 158 76 !153 208 228 35 25 12 - Harris ... ... 683 960 10 18 10 22 80 211 M4 324 360 370 62, 151 » — Houston 487 782 1 — 5 — 33 49 83 201 229 345 96 74 40 *3 Meriwether. 685 909 6 6 55 68 3J7 1 163 270 37o 255 163 6 1 15 — Monroe . ... 66a 800 X 1 * 22 - 230 105 274 380 266 94 7 *7 — Washington ... 697 1652 16 1 19 14 81 886 IS* 464 358 276 52 9 20 2 Wilkes 393 513 I 1 5 x9 30 113 57 149 202 •»*** 69 16 0 3 -*- Jv The explanation of the proce Stock Photo
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The Reading Room / Alamy Stock Photo

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2AWG1PJ

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1479 x 1690 px | 25 x 28.6 cm | 9.9 x 11.3 inches | 150dpi

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Reconstruction in Georgia, economic, social, political, 1865-1872 . urke. 1675 847 2 3 8 83 80 245 99 4*7 i 35 39 100 10 n — Columbia. 388 617 — 7 4 26 53 158 76 !153 208 228 35 25 12 - Harris ... ... 683 960 10 18 10 22 80 211 M4 324 360 370 62, 151 » — Houston 487 782 1 — 5 — 33 49 83 201 229 345 96 74 40 *3 Meriwether. 685 909 6 6 55 68 3J7 1 163 270 37o 255 163 6 1 15 — Monroe . ... 66a 800 X 1 * 22 - 230 105 274 380 266 94 7 *7 — Washington ... 697 1652 16 1 19 14 81 886 IS* 464 358 276 52 9 20 2 Wilkes 393 513 I 1 5 x9 30 113 57 149 202 •»*** 69 16 0 3 -*- Jv The explanation of the process of change in these coun-ties as elsewhere is that tenancy had made a strong invasionas a scheme of cultivation, and with the contraction inplanting, due to the high cost and uncertainty of labor, par-cels of less productive land were taken up by negroes. 1 l. S. Census, 1870, vol. iii, pp. 348-349; i860, Agriculture, p. 196. 283] AGRICULTURE, 1867-1872 283 One of the first effects of emancipation was a fall in PREVAILING SIZE OF FARMS, 187O. X Less than twenty acres20-50 A. 50-100 A.IOO-500A. land values in the entire state. The average taxable value 284 RECONSTRUCTION IN GEORGIA [284 of land in Georgia, $4.85 per acre in i860, fell to $2.87per acre in 1872. The heaviest loss was borne by thecotton-belt. In most of the cotton-belt counties in i860 theaverage per acre was $5-7; in 1872, $3-5. In five of thecotton-producing counties values decreased over 70 percent during the war and reconstruction periods. In elevencounties the decrease was between 60 per cent and 70 percent, and in nineteen more, over 50 per cent. Thirty-sevencounties in all lost in land valuation more than half thevalue of i860. For example, in i860, in the great cottoncounties, Dougherty, Lee and Houston, the average taxablevalue of land was over $9 per acre, the choicest area of thecotton-belt. In 1872, the average had fallen to only $3-5per acre. The richest grain counties of the northw

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