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. Pompeii; its history, buildings and antiquities : an account of the destruction of the city, with a full description of the remains, and of the recent excavations and also an itinerary for visitors . ed,by means of which the upper stone was turned upon its pivot,by the labour of men or asses. The upper hollow coneserved as a hopper, and was filled with corn, which fell bydegrees through the four holes upon the solid cone, and wasreduced to powder by friction between the two rough surfaces.Of course it worked its way to the bottom by degrees, andfell out on the cylindrical base, round which a

. Pompeii; its history, buildings and antiquities : an account of the destruction of the city, with a full description of the remains, and of the recent excavations and also an itinerary for visitors . ed,by means of which the upper stone was turned upon its pivot,by the labour of men or asses. The upper hollow coneserved as a hopper, and was filled with corn, which fell bydegrees through the four holes upon the solid cone, and wasreduced to powder by friction between the two rough surfaces.Of course it worked its way to the bottom by degrees, andfell out on the cylindrical base, round which a Stock Photo
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Reading Room 2020 / Alamy Stock Photo

Image ID:

2CDBP6C

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7.2 MB (290.7 KB Compressed download)

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1506 x 1660 px | 25.5 x 28.1 cm | 10 x 11.1 inches | 150dpi

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. Pompeii; its history, buildings and antiquities : an account of the destruction of the city, with a full description of the remains, and of the recent excavations and also an itinerary for visitors . ed, by means of which the upper stone was turned upon its pivot, by the labour of men or asses. The upper hollow coneserved as a hopper, and was filled with corn, which fell bydegrees through the four holes upon the solid cone, and wasreduced to powder by friction between the two rough surfaces.Of course it worked its way to the bottom by degrees, andfell out on the cylindrical base, round which a channel wascut to facilitate the collection. These machines are aboutalx feet high in the whole, made of a rough grey volcanicstone, full of large crystals of leucite. Thus rude, in a 356 POMPEII. period of high refinement and luxury, was one of the com-monest and most necessary machines—thus careless were theRomans of the amount of labour wasted in preparing anarticle of daily and universal consumption. This, probably, arose in chief from the employment of slaves, the hardness ofwhose task was little cared for; while the profit and en-couragement to enterprise on the part of the professional. Section of the Mill, baker was proportionately diminished, since every family ofwealth probably prepared its bread at home. But the sameinattention to the useful arts runs through everything thatthey did. Their skill in working metals was equal to ours ;nothing can be more beautiful than the execution of tripods, lamps, and vases, nothing coarser than their locks; while atthe same time the door-handles, bolts, &c., which were seen, are often exquisitely wrought. To what cause can this ART OF BAKING. 357 sluggishness be referred ? In England we see that a materialimprovement in any article, though so trifling as a corkscrewor pencil-case, is pretty sure to make the fortune of someman, though unfortunately that man is very often not theinventor. Had the encouragement to industry been thesam

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