. Our native trees and how to identify them : a popular study of their habits and their peculiarities . Trees. BIRCH FAMILY The staminate flower is composed of three to twenty stamens crowded on a hairy torus, adnate to tlie base of a broadly ovate, acute, boat- shaped scale, green below the middle, bright red at apex. The pis- tillate aments are one-half to three-fourths of an inch long with ovate, acute, hairy, green scales and bright scarlet styles. Fruit. — Clusters of involucres, hanging from the ends of leafy branches. Each involucre slightly incloses a small oval nut. The involucres are

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. Our native trees and how to identify them : a popular study of their habits and their peculiarities . Trees. BIRCH FAMILY The staminate flower is composed of three to twenty stamens crowded on a hairy torus, adnate to tlie base of a broadly ovate, acute, boat- shaped scale, green below the middle, bright red at apex. The pis- tillate aments are one-half to three-fourths of an inch long with ovate, acute, hairy, green scales and bright scarlet styles. Fruit. — Clusters of involucres, hanging from the ends of leafy branches. Each involucre slightly incloses a small oval nut. The involucres are
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Image ID: RDD7YT
. Our native trees and how to identify them : a popular study of their habits and their peculiarities . Trees. BIRCH FAMILY The staminate flower is composed of three to twenty stamens crowded on a hairy torus, adnate to tlie base of a broadly ovate, acute, boat- shaped scale, green below the middle, bright red at apex. The pis- tillate aments are one-half to three-fourths of an inch long with ovate, acute, hairy, green scales and bright scarlet styles. Fruit. — Clusters of involucres, hanging from the ends of leafy branches. Each involucre slightly incloses a small oval nut. The involucres are short stalked, usually three-lobed, though one lobe is often wanting ; halberd-shaped, coarsely serrate on one margin, or entire. In time it wa.xeth so hard that the toughness and hardness of it may be rather compared to horn than unto wood ; and therefore it was called hornebeam or hard-beam. The leaves of it are hke the clme, saving that they be tenderer ; among these hang certain triangular things, upon which are found knaps or lit- tle buds in which is contained the fruit or seed. —Gerald. The Home bound tree is a tough kind of wood that requires so much paines in riving as is almost incredible, being the best for to make bolles and dishes, not being subject to cracke or leake. —New England's Prospect. This is a tree of temperate climates enjoying neither extreme heat nor ex- treme cold. In texture, its bark re-i sembles that of the beech, is dark bluish gray instead of light gray and for tliis reason is called Blue Beech. It is credited in the books with forty feet of height but rarely attains more than twenty. A peculiarity of its growth is the manner in which the sinews of the branches seem to run down the trunk as if the tree con- struction were Gothic. 'J"he beech often shows the same peculiarity but rarely so marked as the hornbeam. The branches are long, irregular, crooked and often pendulous. Some- times a broad flat-topped head of foliage IS formed, som

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