Ontario High School History of England . her queen, with William asher consort. William declined, however, to be gentlemanusher to his wife, and, in the end, William and Mary weredeclared king and queen, the survivor to rule alone, andthe executive power to rest with William while he lived. The Bill of Rights, 1689.—The Whigs insisted that Par-liament should draw up a statement of the rights of thenation which James had violated, and William and Maryaccepted this Declaration of Rights. Then the crown wasoffered to them, and the revolution was complete. Whena regular Parliament was sum-moned in

Ontario High School History of England . her queen, with William asher consort. William declined, however, to be gentlemanusher to his wife, and, in the end, William and Mary weredeclared king and queen, the survivor to rule alone, andthe executive power to rest with William while he lived. The Bill of Rights, 1689.—The Whigs insisted that Par-liament should draw up a statement of the rights of thenation which James had violated, and William and Maryaccepted this Declaration of Rights. Then the crown wasoffered to them, and the revolution was complete. Whena regular Parliament was sum-moned in Stock Photo
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Ontario High School History of England . her queen, with William asher consort. William declined, however, to be gentlemanusher to his wife, and, in the end, William and Mary weredeclared king and queen, the survivor to rule alone, andthe executive power to rest with William while he lived. The Bill of Rights, 1689.—The Whigs insisted that Par-liament should draw up a statement of the rights of thenation which James had violated, and William and Maryaccepted this Declaration of Rights. Then the crown wasoffered to them, and the revolution was complete. Whena regular Parliament was sum-moned in 1689, the Declarationof Rights was turned into a for-mal Bill of Rights, which definesas emphatically as the formalclauses of an Act of Parliamentcan define them, the fundament-al liberties which the nationasserted at this time. 1. The king cannot dispensewith or suspend the laws. 2. The king cannot levy anytaxes without the consent ofParliament. 3. The king cannot keep astanding army in time of peaceexcept by consent of Parliament.. WiU-UM III (1650-1702) 4. Subjects may freely petition the king. 344 HISTORY OF ENGLAND 5. Parliaments are to be held frequently and electionsmust be free. Members must have free speech in Parhamentwithout being called to account for their words in any otherplace. 6, William and Mary are declared king and queen.Failing children to Mary, the crown is to pass to her sisterAnne, and to her heirs. No Roman Catholic, and no onewho is married to a Roman Catholic, can inherit the crownof England. The last clause shows how bitterly the nation resentedthe tactless course of James in regard to religion. It marksalso the end of the theory of divine right, urged so stronglyby the Stuarts. Parhament, now supreme, sets up a kingand says who may and who may not succeed him. Each ofthe other clauses touches a real evil felt during the tyrannyof James. The claims made in respect to governmentare moderate enough. It will be noted that, whileParliament reserved th

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