Martinus or Marthinus Theunis Steyn, South African lawyer, politician and statesman, sixth and last president of the independent Orange Free State

- Image ID: PGWYJ1
Historical Images Archive / Alamy Stock Photo
Image ID: PGWYJ1
Illustration from Cassell's History of England, pub circa 1905. After the photo by Reinhold Thiele (1856-1921) Info from wiki: Martinus (or Marthinus) Theunis Steyn (2 October 1857 – 28 November 1916) was a South African lawyer, politician, and statesman, sixth and last president of the independent Orange Free State from 1896 to 1902. The beginning of the Second Boer War, in 1899, caused Steyn to link the fortunes of his state with those of the Transvaal, allying with it against the British Empire. While the Orange Free State was under British occupation, Steyn ran his government from the field, playing a key role in continuing Boer resistance and the coordination of guerrilla warfare that made up most of the Boer War from 1900 onwards. Regarded as one of the most irreconcilable of the Boer leaders, he took part, however, in the preliminary peace negotiations at Klerksdorp in April 1902 but was prevented by illness from signing the Treaty of Vereeniging at Pretoria on 31 May 1902.[6] The treaty ended the independence of the Orange Free State and Steyn's term as its president.

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