. Map of a Reconnaissance of the Black Hills, July and August, 1874, With troops under command of Lt. Col. G. A. Custer, 7th Cavalry, by Capt. Wm Ludlow Corps of Engineers. English: George Armstrong Custer and William Ludlow's seminal 1874 map of the Black Hills, Dakota Territory, covering from the Missouri to the Powder River and from the 47th to the 43rd parallel. In 1874 one thousand cavalrymen under the command of Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer moved into the Black Hills region of Dakota Territory. Though officially American Indian territory according to the 1868 Treaty of Laramie, rumo

. Map of a Reconnaissance of the Black Hills, July and August, 1874, With troops under command of Lt. Col. G. A. Custer, 7th Cavalry, by Capt. Wm Ludlow Corps of Engineers.  English: George Armstrong Custer and William Ludlow's seminal 1874 map of the Black Hills, Dakota Territory, covering from the Missouri to the Powder River and from the 47th to the 43rd parallel. In 1874 one thousand cavalrymen under the command of Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer moved into the Black Hills region of Dakota Territory. Though officially American Indian territory according to the 1868 Treaty of Laramie, rumo Stock Photo
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The Picture Art Collection / Alamy Stock Photo

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MY91XX

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14.3 MB (750.5 KB Compressed download)

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2049 x 2440 px | 34.7 x 41.3 cm | 13.7 x 16.3 inches | 150dpi

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. Map of a Reconnaissance of the Black Hills, July and August, 1874, With troops under command of Lt. Col. G. A. Custer, 7th Cavalry, by Capt. Wm Ludlow Corps of Engineers. English: George Armstrong Custer and William Ludlow's seminal 1874 map of the Black Hills, Dakota Territory, covering from the Missouri to the Powder River and from the 47th to the 43rd parallel. In 1874 one thousand cavalrymen under the command of Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer moved into the Black Hills region of Dakota Territory. Though officially American Indian territory according to the 1868 Treaty of Laramie, rumors had been circulating since the early 19th century that this region harbored rich deposits of gold. Custer and his men were sent to investigate. With Custer was William Ludlow, an officer of the Army Corps of Engineers ( inheritor of the legacy left by the Topographical Engineers ) whose commission was to explore and survey the region, identifying in the process if the rumored gold did indeed exist. Ludlow and Custer traveled west from Fort Lincoln on the Missouri River (near Bismarck) to the Powder River, thence north and South into the Black Hills. Their path, many camp sites, and survey triangulation points are documented throughout. Ludlow compounded his work by attaching it to pre-existing exploratory survey work performed by Reynolds in 1859-60, Warren in 1857, and Sully in 1864, and to the Northern Pacific Railroad Surveys performed in 1871 and 1872, all of which are noted. As a whole this map is full of fascinating detail, which lead map historian C. I. Wheat to call it a most interesting map. Throughout Ludlow offers commentary on the territory such as High hills heavily timbered Water and grass abundant, grass and water good, bad lands and soil and loose dry clay. In addition to his scientific and geological notations, Ludlow also offers some interesting historical commentary such identifying the site where they killed the Rees and where the sick man was killed. the

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