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History of Rome, and of the Roman people, from its origin to the invasion of the barbarians . hr. natale D.,praesentibus decurionibus et seviris discumbentibus in publicoaequis portionibus Jieret divisio . . (Orelli, Nos. 77.5, 3,939, and passim). 8 Orelli, No. 4,020. At Narbo the priesthood of Augustus, established A. P. 11, was com-posed of three knights and three freedmen. A shipowner of Puteoli was sevir Augustalis inthis city and at Lyons (Inser. de Lyon, No. 358; cf. ibid. No. 400). 4 Orelli, No. 3,914 : . . Omnibus honoribus guos libertini gerere poluerunt honoratus. Thisand other inscr

History of Rome, and of the Roman people, from its origin to the invasion of the barbarians . hr. natale D.,praesentibus decurionibus et seviris discumbentibus in publicoaequis portionibus Jieret divisio . . (Orelli, Nos. 77.5, 3,939, and passim). 8 Orelli, No. 4,020. At Narbo the priesthood of Augustus, established A. P. 11, was com-posed of three knights and three freedmen. A shipowner of Puteoli was sevir Augustalis inthis city and at Lyons (Inser. de Lyon, No. 358; cf. ibid. No. 400). 4 Orelli, No. 3,914 : . . Omnibus honoribus guos libertini gerere poluerunt honoratus. Thisand other inscr Stock Photo
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The Reading Room / Alamy Stock Photo

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2ANGWPX

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1404 x 1780 px | 23.8 x 30.1 cm | 9.4 x 11.9 inches | 150dpi

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History of Rome, and of the Roman people, from its origin to the invasion of the barbarians . hr. natale D.,praesentibus decurionibus et seviris discumbentibus in publicoaequis portionibus Jieret divisio . . (Orelli, Nos. 77.5, 3,939, and passim). 8 Orelli, No. 4,020. At Narbo the priesthood of Augustus, established A. P. 11, was com-posed of three knights and three freedmen. A shipowner of Puteoli was sevir Augustalis inthis city and at Lyons (Inser. de Lyon, No. 358; cf. ibid. No. 400). 4 Orelli, No. 3,914 : . . Omnibus honoribus guos libertini gerere poluerunt honoratus. Thisand other inscriptions show that the sevir Augustalis, the primus and perpetuus, owed this titleto a decree of the decurions, and that they themselves could not obtain the deeurionate. 6 C, I. L. ii. 100. It at last, like the others also, became hereditary. Cf. Marquardt,Handb. i. 516. 6 Orelli, No. 3,920. The corporation had a chest (area) to receive the gifts of the newassociates or of its members (iliid. Nos. 3,913, 7,11G, and 7,335) ; but it seems that an authori-zation was needed. Tin: city. 79. CARPENTER/ of the cities. The fact itself is clear of doubt, and that alone isof importance to political history. A more significant custom was the division of the citizens intotwo classes: I do not speak of thedivision into free men and slaves,but into honestiores and humilior. as they were termed in theMiddle Ages, nobles and villains.Thus the former could not be beatenwith rods.1 crucified, fastened to thestake, or thrown to the beasts, theseatrocious punishments being in caseof condemnation the ordinary lotof the poor man who had been un-able to rise from his humble condi-tion. In former times the lex Porciaprotected the citizen, whatever hiscondition, from the rod and otherpunishments reserved for the foreigner. When citizenship had been given to the greater part of the inhabitantsof the Empire, and the pereyrinus was dis-appearing, the poor citizen took his place:a slow revolution, which wa

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