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Henry of Navarre, later King Henry IV of France

Henry of Navarre, later King Henry IV of France Stock Photo
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Contributor:

Historical Images Archive / Alamy Stock Photo

Image ID:

P56WDT

File size:

39.6 MB (2.2 MB Compressed download)

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Dimensions:

3643 x 3796 px | 30.8 x 32.1 cm | 12.1 x 12.7 inches | 300dpi

Date taken:

25 June 2018

More information:

This image could have imperfections as it’s either historical or reportage.

Illustration from Cassell's illustrated history of England published circa 1896. After an engraving of the period. Info from wiki: also known by the epithet Good King Henry, was King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was the first monarch of France from the House of Bourbon. He was assassinated in 1610 by François Ravaillac, a fanatical Catholic, and was succeeded by his son Louis XIII. Baptised as a Catholic but raised in the Protestant faith, Henry inherited the throne of Navarre in 1572 on the death of his mother. As a Huguenot, Henry was involved in the French Wars of Religion, barely escaping assassination in the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre. He later led Protestant forces against the royal army. Henry was called to the French succession by the Salic law. He initially kept the Protestant faith (the only French king to do so) and had to fight against the Catholic League, which denied that he could wear France's crown as a Protestant. To obtain mastery over his kingdom, after four years of stalemate, he found it prudent to abjure the Calvinist faith. As a pragmatic politician (in the parlance of the time, a politique), he displayed an unusual religious tolerance for the era. Notably, he promulgated the Edict of Nantes (1598), which guaranteed religious liberties to Protestants, thereby effectively ending the Wars of Religion. Considered a usurper by some Catholics and a traitor by some Protestants, Henry became target of at least 12 assassination attempts.[3] An unpopular king immediately after his accession, Henry gained more status after his death.[4] He was admired for his repeated victories over his enemies and his conversion to Catholicism.

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