Elements of Philippine agriculture (1908) Elements of Philippine agriculture elementsofphilip00cope Year: 1908 JO PHILIPPINE AGRICULTURE Fig. 49. Turnip Planting and Culture of Beets. All of these plants should be planted in rows 30 cm apart, the seeds i cm deep, covered by very fine soil. The young plants should be 15 cm apart in the rows. The beet, turnip, and parsnip will soon become crowded ; and then every second plant should be removed and eaten. The turnip and radish grow best on lighter soil. For parsnips the ground must be especially deep; therefore, they are a dry-season crop. Turnips, radishes, mustard, and cabbages are nearly related plants, and have the same diseases and enemies. In the Normal School garden in Manila, the average time between planting and harvesting root crops was: radishes, 51 days; turnips, 60 days; beets, 71 days; car- rots, 75 days. Cincomas is a Philippine root crop which belongs in the legume family of plants. In the Normal School garden it was harvested in 68 days, but was not mature. If the roots are left a long time in the ground, they cease to be sweet, as most of the sugar in them is changed to starch. Onions. The part that we eat grows in the ground but is not a root. In the Philippines the onion thrives only in the dry season. The onion plant reproduces poorly by seed. Its relative, the garlic or bauang, is a more important crop here.