Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, with his wife, Joan, Countess of Kent, c1850. Edward (1330-1376), popularly known as the Black Prince, was the eldest son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, and father to King Richard II of England. Edward, an exceptional military leader and popular during his life, died one year before his father and so never ruled as king (becoming the first English Prince of Wales to suffer that fate). The throne passed instead to his son Richard, a minor, upon the death of Edward III. His wife, Joan, (1328-1385) is known to history as 'The Fair Maid of Kent'. From Pictures of English History, published by George Routledge & Sons (London and New York, c1850).