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Clackmannan and Kinross . hase of the wool from the hill farmers andthe sale of the cloth to the merchants. It was an ad-vantage also to be near a stream, both for the purposeof cleaning the fleece and because the fulling of the clothwas done by the feet in the burn. Thus the industrygathered round the hill streams; Tillicoultry, Alva andMenstrie became important centres, Tillicoultry sergesbeing famous throughout Scotland. These places werewell situated to benefit by the later industrial develop-ments, the hill streams provided water power, whilesupplies of coal were at hand. At first only bl

Clackmannan and Kinross . hase of the wool from the hill farmers andthe sale of the cloth to the merchants. It was an ad-vantage also to be near a stream, both for the purposeof cleaning the fleece and because the fulling of the clothwas done by the feet in the burn. Thus the industrygathered round the hill streams; Tillicoultry, Alva andMenstrie became important centres, Tillicoultry sergesbeing famous throughout Scotland. These places werewell situated to benefit by the later industrial develop-ments, the hill streams provided water power, whilesupplies of coal were at hand. At first only bl Stock Photo
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The Reading Room / Alamy Stock Photo

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2AWPD6B

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7.2 MB (449 KB Compressed download)

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1108 x 2256 px | 18.8 x 38.2 cm | 7.4 x 15 inches | 150dpi

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Clackmannan and Kinross . hase of the wool from the hill farmers andthe sale of the cloth to the merchants. It was an ad-vantage also to be near a stream, both for the purposeof cleaning the fleece and because the fulling of the clothwas done by the feet in the burn. Thus the industrygathered round the hill streams; Tillicoultry, Alva andMenstrie became important centres, Tillicoultry sergesbeing famous throughout Scotland. These places werewell situated to benefit by the later industrial develop-ments, the hill streams provided water power, whilesupplies of coal were at hand. At first only blankets,serges and a coarse kind of plaiding were made ; but,about the beginning of the nineteenth century, newenterprises were started ; a successful tartan shawlmanufacture began at Alva and Tillicoultry, and inthe New Statistical Account the great increase of popu-lation in the latter place—from 1472 in 1831 to 3213in 1841—is ascribed to the rapid increase in the shawltrade. In 1816 John Paton commenced the spimiing. INDUSTRIES AND MxVNUFACTURES 45 of worsted yarns at Alloa, which has proved in recentyears the most prosperous manufacture of all. Alloais now the great centre ; tweeds, it is true, are no longermanufactured there ; but all kinds of )arn are spun, thematerial used being chiefly colonial, Cheviot, or Saxonywools, as the wool from the black-faced sheep of theOchils is too coarse. The older centres, Tillicoultry,with nearly a dozen factories, and Alva, are still associatedwith the manufacture; and Messrs Paton have also a largeyarn mill at Clackmannan. Another industry is brewing and distilling, in which831 persons are employed. Brewing is an old-establishedindustry ; the Sheriffs Accounl of 1359, states that thebrewing women of Clackmannan were wont to pay anannual licence of fourpence. Alloa is now the centreof this industry, and its ales have been famous since thefirst brewery was established in 1784. To-day there areeight breweries with an aggregate annual o

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