The series of events involving the lack of waste collection and illegal waste disposal in the province of Naples, better known as the Naples waste management crisis, began as early as in the 1980’s and was successfully dealt with recently in 2008 and 2011, but illegal toxic waste dumps are still an issue. For years, landfills have been filling up to their maximum capacity and halting waste collection in the city. In February 2008, when after a slap by the European Union the authorities jumped to action and the crisis, caused by poor politics and in part by the mafia control over waste management, should have ended for good, the city of Naples was almost clear of piles of uncollected waste. However, locals commented that the authorities cleared the city only to please the EU, and by exporting waste to neighboring cities like Caserta. Indeed, Caserta was drowning in uncollected waste.