Birthplace of Ahmad Shah Abdali, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
Contributor:François-Olivier Dommergues / Alamy Stock Photo
File size:40.8 MB (3 MB Compressed download)
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Dimensions:4624 x 3083 px | 39.1 x 26.1 cm | 15.4 x 10.3 inches | 300dpi
Date taken:30 December 2020
Location:Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
Ahmad Khan Abdali (1722 – 1772), also known as Ahmad Shah Durrani , was born in Multan, Punjab, Pakistan. He was the founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded as the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan. In July 1747, Ahmad Shah was appointed as the King of Afghanistan by a loya jirga in Kandahar, where he set up his capital. Assisted by a council of nine advisers from various Afghan tribes, Ahmad Shah pushed east towards the Mughal and Maratha Empires of India, west towards the disintegrating Afsharid Empire of Iran, and north towards the Khanate of Bukhara of Turkestan. Within a few years, he extended his control from Khorasan in the west to Kashmir and North India in the east, and from the Amu Darya in the north to the Arabian Sea in the south. Soon after accession, Ahmad Shah adopted the epithet Shāh Durr-i-Durrān, "King, Pearl of Pearls, " and changed the name of his Abdali tribe to "Durrani" after himself. The Tomb of Ahmad Shah Durrani is located in the center of Kandahar, adjacent to the Shrine of the Cloak, which contains a cloak believed to have been worn by the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Afghans often refer to Ahmad Shah as Ahmad Shāh Bābā, "Ahmad Shah the Father".