The throne room. The Bardo National Museum is a museum located in the suburbs of Le Bardo. It is one of the most important museums in the Mediterranean region and the second museum of the African continent after the Egyptian Museum of Cairo by richness of its collections. It traces the history of Tunisia over several millennia and across several civilizations through a wide variety of archeological pieces. Le Bardo is a Tunisian city west of Tunis. Built by the Hafsid dynasty in the 15th century, Bardo became a residence of the Tunis court in the 18th century. With the arrival of Husseinite beys, Bardo became a political, intellectual and religious center. The ancient beys' residence was the site of the Tunisian National Assembly headquarters, and the National Museum opened there in 1882. The city gave its name to the Treaty of Bardo, signed in nearby Ksar SaÃ¯d Palace, which placed Tunisia under a French protectorate in 1881. Detroit Publishing Company, 1899.