An American history . ng and popular planter named Nathaniel Bacon, who had seen one of his overseersmurdered by the Indians,put himself at the head ofthree hundred volunteersand demanded an officerscommission of GovernorBerkeley. Berkeley re-fused, and Bacon marchedagainst the Indians with-out any commission,utterlyrouting them and savingthe colony from tomahawkand firebrand. The gov-ernor proclaimed Bacon arebel and set a price uponhis head. In the distress-ing civil war which followed, the governor was driven fromhis capital and Jamestown was burned by the rebels. ButBacon died of fever (or

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An American history . ng and popular planter named Nathaniel Bacon, who had seen one of his overseersmurdered by the Indians,put himself at the head ofthree hundred volunteersand demanded an officerscommission of GovernorBerkeley. Berkeley re-fused, and Bacon marchedagainst the Indians with-out any commission,utterlyrouting them and savingthe colony from tomahawkand firebrand. The gov-ernor proclaimed Bacon arebel and set a price uponhis head. In the distress-ing civil war which followed, the governor was driven fromhis capital and Jamestown was burned by the rebels. ButBacon died of fever (or Stock Photo
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An American history . ng and popular planter named Nathaniel Bacon, who had seen one of his overseersmurdered by the Indians,put himself at the head ofthree hundred volunteersand demanded an officerscommission of GovernorBerkeley. Berkeley re-fused, and Bacon marchedagainst the Indians with-out any commission,utterlyrouting them and savingthe colony from tomahawkand firebrand. The gov-ernor proclaimed Bacon arebel and set a price uponhis head. In the distress-ing civil war which followed, the governor was driven fromhis capital and Jamestown was burned by the rebels. ButBacon died of fever (or
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An American history . ng and popular planter named Nathaniel Bacon, who had seen one of his overseersmurdered by the Indians,put himself at the head ofthree hundred volunteersand demanded an officerscommission of GovernorBerkeley. Berkeley re-fused, and Bacon marchedagainst the Indians with-out any commission,utterlyrouting them and savingthe colony from tomahawkand firebrand. The gov-ernor proclaimed Bacon arebel and set a price uponhis head. In the distress-ing civil war which followed, the governor was driven fromhis capital and Jamestown was burned by the rebels. ButBacon died of fever (or poison?) at the moment of his victory,and his party, being made up only of his personal following, fellto pieces. Berkeley returned and took grim vengeance on Ba-cons supporters until the burgesses petitioned him to spill nomore blood. Bacons Rebellion, despite its deplorable features, did a goodwork. It showed that the colonists dared to act for themselves.It forced the dissolution of the old and rotten assembly and. In Celebration of the Three-Hundredth Anniversary of the Settlement of Jamestown The English Colonies 35 the choice of a new one representing the will of the people. Itled to the recall of Berkeley by Charles II, who explained indig-nantly when he heard of the governors cruel reprisals: Thatold fool has taken away more lives in that naked country thanI did here for the murder of my fathen And, finally, it showedthat the people of the Old Dominion, though loyal to their king,had no intention of submitting to an arbitrary governor in col-lusion with a corrupt assembly. The New England Settlements While these things were going on in Virginia a very different 42. Activ-history was being enacted in the northern regions granted to the FerdinandoPlymouth Company. This company sent out a colony in the very S^^year that the London Company settled Jamestown (1607), butone winter in the little fort at the mouth of the Kennebec River,on the icebound coast of Maine, was enoug

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