. American horticultural manual ... Gardening; Gardening; Fruit-culture. PJlOrAGATlON BY BUDDING AND GKAETING. 85 pheric conditions, but we are rapidly gaining ground in tMs desirable direction. 89. Top-working the Apple.—In the more favored parts of the Union top-grafting as yet has been confined mainly to changing the tops of seedlings and undesirable varieties. In the citrus-growing districts in like manner the work has been mainly confined to changing the tops of seedlings and unprofitable varieties. In the prairie States some progress has been made in selecting stocks noted for their hard

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. American horticultural manual ... Gardening; Gardening; Fruit-culture. PJlOrAGATlON BY BUDDING AND GKAETING. 85 pheric conditions, but we are rapidly gaining ground in tMs desirable direction. 89. Top-working the Apple.—In the more favored parts of the Union top-grafting as yet has been confined mainly to changing the tops of seedlings and undesirable varieties. In the citrus-growing districts in like manner the work has been mainly confined to changing the tops of seedlings and unprofitable varieties. In the prairie States some progress has been made in selecting stocks noted for their hard
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Image ID: RE2MYW
. American horticultural manual ... Gardening; Gardening; Fruit-culture. PJlOrAGATlON BY BUDDING AND GKAETING. 85 pheric conditions, but we are rapidly gaining ground in tMs desirable direction. 89. Top-working the Apple.—In the more favored parts of the Union top-grafting as yet has been confined mainly to changing the tops of seedlings and undesirable varieties. In the citrus-growing districts in like manner the work has been mainly confined to changing the tops of seedlings and unprofitable varieties. In the prairie States some progress has been made in selecting stocks noted for their hardiness and in- herent vitality, such as the Vir- ginia crab, GrosPomier, Hibernal, and some of the robust Eussian varieties. Some advance has also been made in following the Eu- ropean method of setting the stocks in orchard and top-working them the succeeding spring. This working of young trees permits the insertion of scions in the top and side branches, giving forks of tlie hardy variety used for working, as shown in Fig. 47. F^«- \-,^,]^''''''^ In toii-v>-orking young trees it is best to use the side-cut method as in crown-grafting plum and cherry ('SO). If the waxing is done with the liquid nlastic covered by winding with white cotton strips, it answers the purpose of tying. Yet as growth goes on the coveriim' loosens without injury to the graft or stock. 90. Top-working Old Trees.—In the South and the States east of the lakes top-working old trees and undesir- able varieties is so common that travelling professional o-rafters follow the work each spring. In the prairie States. Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability - coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.. Budd, Joseph L; Hansen, Niels Ebbesen, 1866-1950. New York, J. Wiley & Sons; [etc. , etc. ]

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