Abu Simbel, built as a lasting monument to himself and his wife Queen Nefertari and to commemorate his victory at the battle of Kadesh. It served as a reminder to the Nubian neighbours of the prowess of the King. Statue of Nefertari. Country of Origin: Ancient Egypt. Culture: Ancient Egyptian. Period/ Date: New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, 1244 - 1224 BC. Place of Origin: Abu Simbel.