A practical treatise on fractures and dislocations . eds; but water-beds are very muchto be preferred to air-beds as a means of preventing bed-sores. Water-beds must be filled with water of the temperature of 68° Fahrenheit,and they must be secured in position by side boards, or a kind ofshallow box, the sides of which are elevated six or seven inches. Perma-nent extension can be employed upon these beds as well as upon ordinarybeds. Sometimes a section of a bed, three feet square, is found quiteas serviceable as an entire bed, inasmuch as the back and nates are theonly parts which are liable

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A practical treatise on fractures and dislocations . eds; but water-beds are very muchto be preferred to air-beds as a means of preventing bed-sores. Water-beds must be filled with water of the temperature of 68° Fahrenheit,and they must be secured in position by side boards, or a kind ofshallow box, the sides of which are elevated six or seven inches. Perma-nent extension can be employed upon these beds as well as upon ordinarybeds. Sometimes a section of a bed, three feet square, is found quiteas serviceable as an entire bed, inasmuch as the back and nates are theonly parts which are liable
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Image ID: 2AXCRNW
A practical treatise on fractures and dislocations . eds; but water-beds are very muchto be preferred to air-beds as a means of preventing bed-sores. Water-beds must be filled with water of the temperature of 68° Fahrenheit,and they must be secured in position by side boards, or a kind ofshallow box, the sides of which are elevated six or seven inches. Perma-nent extension can be employed upon these beds as well as upon ordinarybeds. Sometimes a section of a bed, three feet square, is found quiteas serviceable as an entire bed, inasmuch as the back and nates are theonly parts which are liable to bed-sores. They may be obtained fromthe manufacturers, Hodgman & Co., corner Nassau St. and MaidenLane, New York city, at prices ranging from $15 to $25. Of latewe have found the wire-beds, manufactured at 59 Pearl St., Hartford,Conn., excellent substitutes for water-beds. They are less expensive,more easily managed, more durable, and admit of a much better regu-lation of the temperature. Whether they are quite as efficient in the Fi£. 36.. Wire-bed. prevention of bed-sores as water-beds, I cannot say positively, butthey have been much used under my observation at Bellevue and inthe Hospital for Ruptured and Cripples, and I have seen no bed-soresoccur where they were in use. When sores have formed, they should be treated, if sloughing, withyeast poultices, or the resin ointment. I find also the resin ointment FRACTURES OF THE AXIS. 161 an excellent dressing for the sores after the sloughs have separated.In case the surface is only slightly abraded, simple cerate forms thebest application. § 5. Fractures of the Axis. The phrenic nerve is derived chiefly from the third and fourth cer-vical nerves. If, therefore, the second cervical vertebra is broken,and considerably depressed upon the spinal cord, respiration ceasesimmediately, and the patient dies at once, or survives only a fewminutes. In such examples of fracture of this bone as have not beenattended with these results,